Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a simple treatment that places sperm directly within your uterus, allowing healthy sperm to approach your egg more quickly.

How does IUI work?

Intrauterine insemination is referred to as IUI.

Donor insemination is also known as alternative insemination or artificial insemination.

IUI helps sperm reach closer to your egg by injecting sperm cells straight into your uterus around the time you’re ovulating. This reduces the amount of time and distance sperm must travel, making fertilisation of your egg simpler. You can take ovulation-stimulating fertility medications before the insemination procedure. Your partner or donor provides the sperm. It goes through a “sperm washing” procedure to extract a concentrated amount of healthy sperm from the semen

The sperm is then implanted into your uterus by the gynaecologist or infertility doctor . If sperm fertilises your egg and the fertilised egg implants in the lining of your uterus, you will become pregnant.


IUI is a low-tech, uncomplicated process that is often less costly than other reproductive treatments. It boosts your chances of getting pregnant, but because everyone’s body is different, IUI isn’t guaranteed to work.

What can I expect throughout the IUI procedure?

You may take fertility medications before IUI to help your eggs develop and be fertilised. During ovulation, your doctor will do the insemination technique (when your ovaries release an egg). Hormones that cause ovulation are sometimes prescribed. They’ll figure out when you’re ovulating and ready for the treatment so you have the best chance of conceiving. A semen sample is collected by your spouse at home or at the doctor’s office. A method known as “sperm washing” is used to prepare the sperm for insemination by extracting a concentrated number of healthy sperm.


Sperm washing also aids in the removal of toxins in the sperm that might induce uterine responses and make it more difficult to conceive. When you use donor sperm from a sperm bank, the sperm bank usually provides sperm to the doctor’s office that has already been “washed” and is ready for IUI.


During the IUI process, your doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube into your uterus through your cervix. They use a little syringe to inject the sperm straight into your uterus through the tube.

When sperm fertilises an egg and the fertilised egg implants in the lining of your uterus, pregnancy occurs.

The insemination treatment takes around 5-10 minutes and may be done at your doctor’s office or a fertility facility. It’s a short procedure that doesn’t require anaesthetic. Although IUI is normally painless, some patients have moderate cramps.



IVF (in vitro fertilisation) promotes fertilisation, embryo growth, and implantation, allowing you to get pregnant.



There are 6 steps involve in IVF

1. Stimulation of Ovaries

2. Egg Retrieval from Ovaries

3. Fertilization of Eggs

4. Embryo Culture

5. Embryo Transfer

6. Pregnancy Test (BHCG)

This is one of the more well-known kinds of assisted reproductive technology (ART). By combining drugs and surgical procedures, IVF allows sperm to fertilise an egg and the fertilised egg to implant in your uterus. To begin, you must take medication that causes a large number of your eggs to develop and become viable. The doctor then extracts your eggs from your body and combines them with sperm in a lab to help sperm fertilise the eggs.


Then they will implant one or more fertilised eggs (embryos) into your uterus. You will get pregnant if any of the embryos implant in the lining of your uterus.

IVF is a time-consuming technique that consists of multiple phases that take several months to complete. In rare situations, it can succeed on the first attempt, but many individuals require more than one round of IVF to become pregnant.

Note:- If you’re suffering fertility problems, IVF increases your chances of getting pregnant, but it’s not a guarantee — everyone’s body is unique, and IVF won’t work for everyone.

What is the IVF procedure?

The first round of IVF involves taking fertility medicines for many months to help your ovaries produce a high number of mature eggs that are ready to fertilise.


Ovulation induction is the term for this process. Regular ultrasounds or blood tests may be done to check your hormone levels and egg production



Once your ovaries have generated enough mature eggs, your doctor will remove the eggs from your body (this is called egg retrieval). Egg retrieval is a straightforward surgical operation that may be done in a fertility clinic or in the office of your doctor. During the procedure, you will be given medicine to help you relax and feel at peace. Using an ultrasound, the doctor inserts a tiny, hollow tube through your vaginal wall and into the ovary and follicles that hold your eggs. The needle is fitted with a suction mechanism, which gently takes the eggs out of each follicle.


Insemination is the process of mixing your eggs in a laboratory with sperm cells from your spouse or a donor.

Fertilization occurs once the eggs and sperm are kept in a specialized container together.

To enhance fertilisation, sperm with reduced motility (that doesn’t swim as well) may be injected directly into the eggs.

This procedure is known as IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection or I.C.S.I. Pathologists in the lab monitor how the cells in fertilised eggs split and develop into embryos.


About 3-5 days following the egg retrieval, one or more embryos are put into your uterus (this is called embryo transfer).


About 3-5 days following the egg retrieval, one or more embryos are put into your uterus (this is called embryo transfer).


The embryo is implanted directly into your uterus by the doctor, who inserts a thin tube through your cervix and into your uterus. Pregnancy occurs when any of the embryos adhere to the uterine lining.


Embryo transfer is usually painless and performed at your doctor’s office or a fertility clinic.

You can continue your normal activities the next day.

You may also need to take progesterone tablets or undergo daily injections for the first 8-10 weeks following the embryo transfer.

The hormones help the embryo survive in your uterus.

Side Effect of IVF.

IVF, like any other treatment or medical procedure, includes some risks and potential adverse effects. But it is for short time, and it will disappear over the time.



Soreness in the breasts

Mood changes


Bruises as a result of shots

Medication-induced allergic response



Any questions or concerns you have about the risks and side effects of IVF can be explored with your doctor.

IVF may be emotionally exhausting for both the person having the procedure and their partner and family.

Many people who have IVF procedures face hopelessness and anxiety during the procedure.

Talking to people who have gone through reproductive difficulties and IVF can be quite useful if you are feeling overwhelmed or disappointed.

Note- Despite being some side effects it is very useful for those couples who need baby anyhow.

Counselors and therapists can also provide reassurance.